Organic beer is an interesting concept that many people are really not aware of. Everything that is grown or created can be done so organically or naturally, and beer and other spirits are no different. There are a number of natural elements that go into the creation of beer, and all of these natural elements can be grown and harvested without the use of industrial pesticides, herbicides, fungicides and synthetic preservative additives as well. The process is really that much different to create organic beer compared to how traditional beer products are made - The real difference lies on how much care is put into growing the ingredients naturally and organically rather than allowing chemical components like fungicides and industrial pesticides to destroy the healthful and organic nature of those components.
When you come across a label that claims to be organic, then what this means is that the beer or wine has meet a certain level of standards that are set specifically by a government agency such as the Food and Drug Administration for example. Different nations tend to have their very own unique criteria for certification, and what this means is that what one country views to be organic may not be the same as what is viewed to be organic in another. As an example, in the United Kingdom, the Soil Association is the most used and the most widely recognized body of certification, though there are a number of breweries and wineries that do not strive to find organic certification.
Organic breweries and vineyards grow the components for their brews without the use of chemical fertilizers, insecticides, and other synthetic chemicals such as weed killers for example. This prevents damage to the soil, and makes sure that no chemicals end up in the organic beer or wine as a result. Organic farmers who grow the components that go into beer and wine primarily aim to maintain soil that is healthy and biologically active, and soil that has fertility provided by the plants fixing nitrogen from the air. This means planting cover crops rather than applying herbicides, for example.
Naturally occurring mineral and plant extracts do not leave residues in the soil, but they are more than capable of keeping weeds down. In other words, the primary difference between traditional brewing and organic beer brewing is simply that chemicals and other harmful substances are never introduced into the soil or the plant, creating a much more natural and much healthier product as a result.
Many people are surprised to find out that brewing companies that go organic can actually receive financial incentives as a result. For example, the EU or European Union offers specialized financial support to organic farmers to help them grow and convert over to organic production for their products. These types of grants are offered in many other countries and regions as well to give farmers the assistance they need when converting from traditional farming methods to organic farming methods to create organic beer and other spirits.